Disclaimer: this is a highly opinionated post, based on my personal experience. Others may have quite different requirements & experiences. My feedback on the three products specified is based solely on my requirements and should not be generalised.
You may well have to go for a try and see approach. Acrobat is the ultimate representative of correct implementation of the PDF standard; if it fails to render a PDF properly, it’s likely some piece of software has done something substandard to that PDF. So you’re probably looking for a viewer which conforms to the same shoddy implementation.
Finding the “right” one is difficult; I have more or less hated every PDF editor I have used in the past few years (which drove me back to Acrobat); the three I ended up using were PDFExpert (not available on Windows; liked it as a viewer and simple editor, but not powerful enough, failed at some basic editing tasks), PDFPenPro (which has an Edit tool and a Precision Edit tool and, well, I often couldn’t do either; not available on Windows) and PDFelement (also available on Windows; again, fine as a viewer, failed at some basic editing tasks). Whilst Preview on Mac often displays the behaviour you describe for Acrobat, I never saw that behaviour on PDFExpert, PDFelement or Acrobat.
To my knowledge Win10 by default uses Edge to display PDFs; have you tried opening one of the PDFs which doesn’t display properly that way?
I feel that way every day…